The Made Without Hands series combines the ritual of icon-making with the drama of encaustic painting. The works show familiar faces from theatre and television in different light; every sitter has contributed a personally written piece to be used in their portrait iconography.

Over seven fine sanded layers of gesso, areas of the panels are prepared with red clay bole before being gold- leafed. Pure pigments are mixed together and heated with wax in copper pans, applied from dark to bright, each stage sealed with the flame of a blow torch.

Once completed, the works are varnished and fitted with an antique wood frame. The layered wax traps the light as the gold-leaf reflects it; the overall effect is of an eerie glow that appears to emanate from the image itself.